Hit and Run
There are several California statutes, which deal with the prohibition of leaving the scene of an accident. The crime is more serious if there was an injury involved.
The crime of Hit & Run Causing Property Damage, involves a person leaving the scene of an accident, which resulted in damage to any property including vehicles. (1) You are to immediately stop your vehicle at the nearest location... and locate the owner of the property and obtain their information as well as provide your information to them. The information provided must include license and registration as well as the address of the driver of the vehicle and the registered owner, or (2) leave a written notice giving your name and address for the owner of the property with your statement as to how the accident occurred. This crime requires several elements to be proven which makes it more difficult for a prosecutor to obtain a conviction. This code section is punishable by County Jail (up to 6 months) and a fine. California Vehicle Code 20002.
The crime of Hit & Run Causing Injury means "The driver of any vehicle involved in an accident resulting in injury to any person, other than himself or herself, or in the death of any person shall immediately stop the vehicle at the scene of the accident..." California Vehicle Code 20003. This code section makes it a crime to fail to comply with the requirements of CVC 20002 along with failure to render aid or assistance to another party that is injured.
Restitution may be ordered in Hit & Run cases. Please see People v. Carbahall (1995) Cal. 4th 1114 and People v. Phelps (1996) 41 Cal. App. 4th 946.
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